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Mind Unification (with transcript)


Q&A: Mind Unification

What are the processes that are taking part in the deep mind?

Master Culadasa discusses the complexity of the mind and the different parts that are working on separate processes. For instance, in level four of the meditation stages part of the mind can be on the meditation object while other parts of the mind are happily thinking.

Student: Was interested in one of the other talks that you gave about these processes that are taking place in the deep mind. Would you say something about that?

Culadasa: Well, this is what our mind is, is a whole collection of different processes. And each process has one particular function to fulfill and it does so automatically. They're all connected to each other, and they're arranged sort of hierarchically. You have the process of eating which gets turned on when certain things happen in the body that create hunger, and that initiates other processes that lead you to look for food. Once you found it, to started eating it, and then something else happens to turn it off. It's just a process.

The way that you can get a handle on this, maybe, is if you understand reflexes. If you tap the tendon at the knee, it sends a signal to the spinal cord, which sends a signal to the muscle, which causes contraction. It's a completely automatic, right? What you might not know, is that there's a complex arrangement of things in your spinal cord that uses that one particular reflex arc in combination with another, a bunch of others, that allows you to walk. So that your brain sends a message to your spinal cord and says, "turn on the walking mechanism", and that simple reflex that makes your leg go out when you strike the tendon is actually a part of the walking mechanism, because one part of the walking movement stretches the same tendon and that sends a message back to the spinal cord, which causes another muscle to contract. And the leg extends. And the entire process of walking is made up of these simple reflexes. And so walking is something that happens completely automatically at the spinal cord level. And that's one of the things that I encourage people to discover when they do walking meditation. Walk slow, walk fast. Walking slow, you're controlling it all front up here, and it's really awkward and it's very unnatural and it's not very skilled and smooth and you trip and stumble easily. But you let go of all this trying to control it from up here, and walk normally, and all of a sudden it happens wonderfully. "Wow"! And that's because it's happening at this lower level.

Well, you work your way up and you'll find that all the things you do, even moral and ethical decisions, even the way that you relate to other people, they're all driven by different mental processes that are essentially no different than these reflexes for walking. The more complex ones are made up of a lot of simpler ones. And so this is what our mind is, is all of these different processes. Now, one thing that doesn't happen, you might imagine that you've got all these simple processes, and that's then some more complicated ones, and then a smaller layer of still more complicated ones, and then smaller, and you might think up at the top, like the cherry on the banana split is one that you could say, "oh, that's the self". But, it doesn't work that way. That's not really the way it is. I mean it could have been that way, I suppose, I don't know why it didn't turn out to be that way. But when you look in your mind, as soon as you sit down to meditate and you say, okay, I'm going to sit here and observe my breath. You discover that that "I", that voice, that's only one of those higher mental processes. And, as soon as it generates that intention, it's only a matter of time before some of the other mental processes at the same, or not too far from that same level in the hierarchy, say "enough of this, we'll do something else!" *Laughter*

And, in the process, you'll notice that it's like inside your head, there's this little top hat with a big letter 'I' on it, and it gets passed around. Now when you sat down, one mental processor is wearing a hat that said, 'I', but 10 minutes later, the other one that wants to go have a nap says, and what you find going on your mind is, "oh, I'd really like to go have a nap"; I would really like to go have a nap. But, I said I was going to meditate, but the 'I' that wants to have a nap is now the one wearing the hat. Not the one that said "I've always said I was going to learn to meditate, and today was the day I was going to start". You see? So whether you've noticed or not is one thing, but you will notice, as soon as you start to pay attention to what's going on in your mind, is that about as close as you come to the "I" that would be the cherry on the top of the banana split is more like a board of directors. Or a Senate, with a lot of different members. And they don't always show up to vote on any particular decision. Sometimes they arrive late and they say, "whoa, I don't like anything that's going on here", and they want to change it all. But if you think that you are your mind, then you're going to have to recognize that your mind is many different things. with different agendas going on simultaneously. And so, even if you are an I, you're not a singular I, you're a whole multiple of I's.

Student: So then what does meditation do with that?

Culadasa: Meditation makes you aware of that, and that's what's really important; that you become aware of that. Because you see, meditation... this whole mess of mental processes has been merrily going along, as it does in everyone that you see in the world. And it kind of works, but not that well. And the collective finds itself experiencing a lot of suffering. What you really need to understand, when you start looking into this, is what is suffering and where does it comes from? We started out saying "I suffer, and it's the world's fault!" *Laughter* Because I can clearly see that if the world was different I wouldn't suffer anymore". And we often see if we can go change the world, so we won't have to suffer anymore.

But the truth is that suffering is just an emotion, a feeling, that's created by the same mind that's experiencing the suffering. And one of those mental processes that makes you up, its whole job is to flood the collective with suffering under certain kinds of circumstances. So it looks at what's going on and it says, "hey, this is no good"; turns on the suffering. And everybody says "oh, we're suffering. What are we going to do about it? Let's get busy changing things". So you see, meditation, when it allows you to see what's going on, then you can start to change the way this whole thing works. The one wonderful thing that we have is our conscious awareness, and the fact that we can learn to focus that conscious awareness. That light of consciousness can be brought to bear on what's actually going on, and all these mental processes, which have been operating in the dark, have a chance to see what's going on. And then they can see what the result of their activities are.

You have a mental process; you started off born with something which predisposed you in this direction, but then through your life, you've reinforced it. It's a mental process that makes you disposed to anger. Just like you have another mental process that makes you predisposed to to desire. And throughout your life different situations have arisen, and this mental process that is the anger-generating process, has flooded the whole system with feelings of anger, and then they lead to certain kinds of behaviors. Now this exists because it serves a kind of primitive function. But, what we're doing through meditation, and through cultivating mindfulness, is we're bringing ourself to a point where instead of this going along automatically, now when anger arises, first of all, we can see it in that way. We used to see it as, "oh, I am angry", which was the first mistake. And then the next thought that would come is "I'm angry because of her or him, or this or that", right? That's the second thought. And then come the thought, "so I'm going to do this about it".

When we're little we strike out or scream. And then as we get older, we find more sophisticated ways of responding out of that. All we're doing different is focusing the light of mindful awareness on that. And if we can learn to remember, first of all, that if we discovered and accepted and become, at least to some degree, convinced the maybe there's some truth in this idea that "I" am not the owner and the experiencer of the emotion that arises, then we can look at anger rising and say, "oh, there is anger rising". And so, in the next step... remember, first of all we said, "I am angry and its his fault". Now we can say, "oh, there is anger rising", and that's because I've conditioned myself to become angry in these circumstances in the past. And then, instead of getting lost in the action of what you're going to do about, or to, that source of your anger, is that you see that, "oh, being angry feels terrible! It doesn't feel good in my body. It doesn't feel good in my mind. It makes me do things that are not beneficial to myself or to others. It does not lead me closer to awakening and to liberation".

And you don't need to get into a lot of analysis of it, because if you are mindful, those things are obvious. They are just dead certain, unmistakable, "wow, how could I have never really noticed that before" kind of obvious. And because these facts are being illuminated by conscious awareness, that part of your mind that has been flipping on the anger switch, all of these years picks up on that. It's got a new piece of information. It doesn't mean that it won't turn on the anger switch in the future, but if every time you do it, it's exposed to this mindful awareness, it's going to change the way that it functions. There's something very similar that happens when mindful awareness is present and the mind stops making its projections and you have an experience of the reality that lies behind appearances. Because that same conscious awareness of ultimate truth registers on the mind, and where it registers very particularly, is in those mental functions that have always created the sense of "I" and created the sense of "other" as being real.

And the difference is that, after that, its just not the same. There's still a sense of "I", but it doesn't fool you in the same way. And there is still a sense of there being a world of others, but you're not fooled by it in the same way anymore. Mindful awareness is working in the same way, producing the same kind of change, from the very first time you start to apply it to your experience in your life, as it does when you have that experience of stopping the mind's fabricating activity long enough to experience the reality that lies behind that. So it works in exactly the same way. It's not some new kind of magical thing that never was before. It's the same old stuff, but it's happening and in a new way and producing a completely different kind of result. And this is how the very same mind that is responsible for your illusions can become a mind that is possessed of wisdom. And then instead of acting out of compulsion, driven by craving, it becomes a mind that acts out of compassion and wisdom.

Student: But is there any one part of all of those different processes that wants to put it all together and make it all work together, so that you don't have all these...?

Culadasa: Well, that is what the concentration part of meditation is about, and that's something I think a lot of people have failed to understand. When we do concentration meditation, it develops through stages and we find our concentration deepens more and more. And you could, naively, using the same kind of illusory projections, say something like "I get to the point where I can keep my mind from wandering", but what's actually happening is that your mind, as this collection of processes, is becoming trained and condition in a different way.

You get to a point in your practice where you're very good at staying at the meditation object. With the meditation object. But, if your vigilance lapses, it's gone. Now, the only reason that can happen is that there are still mental processes active that want to be doing something else. They want to be thinking about something else, or want to be having a nap, or want to just sit here and feel good. They want to do something other than maintain continuous, mindful awareness of this same old meditation object.

So the way that you move from that stage, and if you have seen this, if you're familiar with the seven stages of development of Samantha, that I passed out to people, it's the seventh stage, you have single-pointed concentration, but you've got to stay on top of it, because it won't stay. Your concentration is great. You sit there and... there's almost nothing else in your mind. Very occasional thought comes and goes, and very occasional sensation will manage to penetrate into your awareness, but you are just so focused and so steady, and you can say to yourself, "I can't imagine how anybody's concentration could be any better than this". And actually, that's pretty much true. I mean, there are refinements, but that's pretty much true. But, in the seventh stage, you have to stay on top of it, because if you slack, your mind's gone; either into dullness or into some distraction. And that's because your mind is not yet unified. So when you get to what happens next, which is called effortless concentration, you no longer have to be vigilant. You no longer have to be constantly on top of it, you can just relax and be stable in your awareness. That change, that effortlessness, is due to the fact that all of these different things that make up your mind are now, they're now on target with the same project. They're not trying to make something different happen. That's why concentration becomes effortless. And another marvelous thing that happens in association with this unification of the mind, is that a powerful sense of joy and happiness and even physical pleasure arises in association with it.

Unification of mind, by eliminating the inner tension, produces a state of joy. And this is not just some thing that happens in meditation. People experience it when they become totally involved in some kind of activity. They are joyfully engaged, and every part of their mind is into that same thing. That's called a state of flow in modern psychological terms. There are books about it and there is one particular psychologist called Csikszentmihalyi who's done a lot of research on the flow state. And the descriptions of the flow state are exactly... you know, you take them out of context, take the description out of context, and you show it to somebody and they say, "oh, I recognize that! The person's describing piti in Samatha practice." No; they're describing what happens to them when they're doing brain surgery, or when they're playing golf, or when they're doing something else that happens to put them in the state.

That's what happens when the mind unifies. Concentration becomes effortless because now there aren't different parts of the mind trying to go different places. But it's still many different processes. You haven't changed the ultimate reality. You haven't created a self out of all these different parts. They're still different parts, but they're all functioning in harmony now. They're all in sync. They're all cooperating rather, than each one struggling for "I want to things to go my way, this is more important than this silly sitting there looking at the breath. Let's do this more important thing". What's happened is that they've all gotten on to the same project and say, "okay, I guess this is what we're doing, so this is what we're doing".

But when you have that kind of mind, though, when you have a unified mind, if you think about how well you can understand when you focus your un-unified mind on things, imagine how well you can see and understand things when you focus a unified mind on things. The other thing about a unified mind is it doesn't need to focus. The wonderful thing about reaching this particular stage in Samatha, which you achieved through practicing on a single object called single-pointed attention. But once you got there, you don't need to be single-pointed anymore. Now you can just expand the awareness, because, by letting go of an object, your mind is not going to go 16 different directions at once and be trying to multitask.

You can just open up the awareness and all the different mental processes at once have all got their arms over each other's shoulders and they're saying, "yeah, let's watch what's happens". And that's wonderful. That's the basis for the Mahamudra practice, when you have an open, space-like attention, and then you can just let whatever arises arise and the whole collective of consciousness observes it, and it observes it with the power of the unified mind. And it sees "oh, yep, there's that arising, and oh, there's that arising and passing away..." and "Oh, and look at what it's like in between one thing arising and passing away and another thing arising and passing away". And it all starts to become clear.

And in that particular meditation, you see a lot of the nature of the mind, the emptiness of appearances becomes really obvious, because now you see that each of these appearances is like a wave rising on the surface of the ocean and disappearing back into it. And you've become really aware of the ocean, because before all you saw was the waves. So the unification of mind is a very important part of this practice and how we get to where we need to be and where we want to be.

Student: Thank you.

Culadasa: You're welcome.


Automated transcription

was interested in one of the other talks that you gave about these processes that are taking place in the deep mine. Mh. Would you say something about that? Well, this is what our mind is is a whole collection of different processes. That's and each process, you know, is it's like a each process has one particular function to fulfill. And it does so automatically. They're all connected to each other and they're arranged sort of hierarchical. And so, you know, you have the process of eating when, yeah, it gets turned on when certain things happen, the body to create under and that initiates other processes that lead you to look for food once you found it to started eating it, and then something else happens they're turn off.

But you know, it's it's just a process. In a way, you know, the way that you can get a handle on this maybe is if you understand it reflex, you know, if you tap the tenant that the they sends a signal to the spinal for, which sends a signal to the muscle guys a can contract and because it's completely automatic thing. Right? What you might not know but there is there's a complex arrangement of things in your spinal cord that uses that one particular reflex art in combination with another a bunch of others that allows you to walk.

So that your brain sends a message to your spinal report, it says turn on the locking mechanism. And and these... The that simple reflex that makes your leg go out when you strike pretend that actually is a part of the locking mechanism because one part of the locking movement stretches the same tendon and that sends a message back to spinal cord which causes another muscle to back. And leg extent, and the entire process of walking is made of the simple larson. And so walking is something that happens completely automatically at the spinal cord level, That's why thanks it.

I encourage people to the discover of they walking meditation, walks slow, log fast. When walking slow, ear controlling an all from up here and it's really awkward and it's very unnatural and it's not very sealed and smooth and these shipments stumble easily. But you let go of call us trying to control it from up here and walk normally and all of a sudden happens wonderfully, you know, Wow, And that's because it's it's happening at this lower level. Will you work your way up? How you find that all the things you do.

Even moral and ethical decisions, even the the way that you relate to other people, they're all driven by different mental processes that are essentially no different than these reflex for walking. You know. So the more complex ones part got a a lot of simpler ones. And so this is what our mind is is all of these different process. Now one thing that doesn't happen, united imagine that you got all these simple processes and then some more complicated ones in the a smaller layer of still complicated ones and then smaller, you might think up at the top, like the cherry on the on the the nand split is one that could say, oh, that's the cell.

But it doesn't work that way. That's not really the way it is. I mean, it could been that way I suppose. I I don't No. Why it didn't turn out to be that way. But when you look in your mind soon as you sit down to meditate, you say, okay. I'm gonna say here and observe my. You've discovered that that that i, that boys, that's only one of those higher meth processes. And as soon as it generates that intention, it's only the amount of time before some of the other dental processes. At the same or not too far from that same level of in the hierarchy I.

Say, enough of this will do something else. Right? And In the process you'll notice that, you know, it's like inside your head, there's a little a top hat it was a big letter eye. Alright. And it gets passed around. Now when you sat down, one method processor is wearing a hat that said i. But ten minutes later, the other one, that wants go have an app says, you know, and and and what you find going on your mind is Oh, hi, Drew. I could go half an app. You know, I would really like to go have app, You know?

But you know I said I was gonna meditate. You know, put the eye. The eye wants to have an app it is now the one wearing what do I had. Not behind that... Well, I've always said, I was gonna learn to meditate and said, today was the day I was gonna start, you know, You see. So whether you noticed your not is one thing, But you will notice as soon as you start to pay attention to what's going out your mind. Is that about as close as you come or to the eye, they would need a cherry on the top of it.

But. Is more like a board of directors. Know, or a senate. Right? With a lot of different members and they don't always show up to vote on any particular the decisions. Sometimes they arrive late and they say, well, don't like any going on here they wanna change it at all, You know? But you if you think that you are your mind, then you're gonna recognizing that your mind as many different things. With different agendas going on simultaneously. And that So even if you are an eye, you're not a singular eye, you're a whole multiple of eyes.

So so then what does meditation do do with that? Well, meditation makes you aware of that. And that's what's really important that you become aware of that because you see meditation This whole nasa metal processes has been narrowly going along. Has it does as in and everyone that you see. In the world. And it kind of works, but not that well. And they collective finds itself experiencing a lot of suffering. What you... What you really need to understand when you started looking into this, is what is suffering and where does it come from?

You know, we we start saying, well, I suffer and it's the world's follow. Because I can clearly see that the world was different. I wouldn't sem anymore. And and and and we often see if we go change the world so long after the separating. Right. But the truth is that suffering is just in and emotion of feeling like that's created by the same line that's experiencing the separate. And one of those metal processes that makes you up. This whole job is to flood the collective with suffering under certain kind of circumstances.

So it let's see what's going on, and it says, hey, this is no good. Turns on the suffering and said oh, we're suffering. What are gonna to do about it? Let's get a busy changing thing. Right? So you see meditation when it allows you to see what's going on, then you you can start to change the way this whole thing works. The one wonderful thing that we have is our conscious awareness and the fact of that We can learn the focus of that conscious awareness. That light that that light of consciousness can be brought to bear on what's actually going on.

And All these mental processes do which would have been operating in the dark have a chance to see what's going on. And then... And and then they can see what the result of their activities are. You have a mental process. You started off born with something which pre predisposed you in this direction. But then through your life, you've reinforced it. It's a mental process that makes you disposed to to anger. Just like you have another metal process that makes you predisposed to to desire. Answer throughout your life, different situations have arise and this mental process that is the anger generating process has flooded the whole system with feelings of anger, and then they led to certain kinds of behaviors.

Now this this exists that has a serves a kind of parameter function. But what we're... What we're doing through meditation, And you're cultivating mindfulness is we're bringing ourself to a point where instead of this going along automatically. Now when anger arises, first of all, we can see it in that way. We used to see it as, oh, I'm angry. Which was the first mistake. And then the next thought that would come is I'm angry because of her or him or is this or that. Right? That's a second. And then comes the the...

They thought... So I'm gonna do this about it. You know, little week strike out or screen. And then as where get older, we find more sophisticated ways of responding that. All we're doing different is focusing the light of mind for awareness on that. And if we can learn to remember first of all that that if we discovered and accepted and become at least to some degree and condensed that maybe there's some truth and this idea that that I am not... I am not the owner and the experience or the emotions in Horizon of then We can look at Anger arising and see.

Oh, there's anger horizon. And so in the next step, First of all said hi, and angry agree, and it's his fault. Now let's say, oh, there's anger rising. And that's because I condition myself to if become angry in these circumstances in the past. And then instead of getting lost in the action of what you're going to do, a valid or two that source of your anger, is that you see that, oh, dean angry feels terrible. It doesn't feel good in my body it doesn't feel good in my mind. It makes me do things that are not beneficial to myself.

Or others, it does not lead me closer to the way of the proliferation. And you you don't need to get into a lot of analysis of it. But as if you are mindful, those things are obvious. They are just dead certain unmistakable. Wow, how could I never really notice that before kind of obvious? And because these facts are being eliminated, by conscious awareness, that part of your mind that has been flipping on the anchor switch all this year's picks up on that. It's got a new piece of information. It doesn't mean that, well, turn on the anchor switch in the future.

But if every time you do it, it's exposed to this mindful awareness. It's going to change the way that function. It's something very similar that happens when mindful awareness. Is present, and the mind stops making his projections and you have time of experience. The reality that lies behind appearances. It has that same conscious awareness of ultimate truth registers on the mine. Where it registers very particularly, it is and those those mental functions that have always created the sensitive eye and created the sense of other as being real.

And the difference is that after that, is just not the same. There's still a sense of i, but it it doesn't fool you in the same way. And is still a sense of that being a world of others that you're not fooled by in the same way anymore. So mindful awareness is working in the same way in producing the same kind of change. You know, from the very first time you started to apply it to your experience in your life. As it does, when you have that experience or stopping the nine's fabric activity, long and a to experience through reality that lies behind that.

So it works in exactly the same way. It's not some new kind of magical thing that never was before. It's the same old stuff, you know, but it's happening and in a new audience producing a really different kind of result. And this is how the very same mind that is responsible for your illusions can become a mine that is possessed of wisdom and then instead of acting out of comp, driven by cra, it becomes a my that acts out of compassion and wi. But is there any one part of all those different processes that wants to put it all together and make it all work together so that you don't have all these Well, that that issue is that's what the concentration.

The concentration part of meditation is about. And that's something I think a lot of people have failed stand. When we do concentration meditation, it it develops through stages and we find our house concentration deepens more and more. And you could naive it using the same kind of projections, say something like, well, I get to a point where I can keep my mind from wondering But what's actually happening is the the year... Mine does this question process is becoming trained in condition in a different way.

You get to a point in your practice where You're very good staying at the meditation all object with the education contract. But If your vigilance lapses, it's gone. Now the only reason that can happen is that there are still mental processes active that wanna be doing something else. They wanna be thinking about something else i wanna be having your nap, or wanna just sit here and feel good. They wanna do something other than maintain continuous mindful awareness or of this this same old meditation object.

So the the the way that you move from that stage, you know, and if you have seen this if you're familiar with the seven stages of development of some, that I passed out to people. It's the seventh stage, the seventh stage you have single pointed concentration, but you've gotta to stay on top of it because it won't state is really... You know, your concentration is great. He said there's like. Know there's almost nothing else in your life. But very occasional thought comes and goes and very occasional sensation will manage to penetrate into your awareness.

But you are just so focused and so steady, and and you can say yourself. I can't imagine how anybody's concentration could be any better than that. And actually, that's pretty much true. I mean, there are a refinement, but that's pretty much true. But in the seventh stage, You have to stay on top of, because if you slack your mind's gone, either into dull or at this changing. And that's because your mind is not yet in fight. So when you get to what happens next is called effortless concentration.

You no longer have to be vigilant. You no longer have to be constantly on top of it. You can just relax and be stable in your awareness. That change. That effortless is due to the fact that all of these different things that make up your mind are now, they're they're now on target with the same project. They're not trying to make something different happen. That's why becomes effortless. And another marvelous thing that happens in association with this unification of the mind is that a powerful sense of joy and happiness and even physical pleasure arises an association with.

Unification of mind by eliminating the tension produces a state of joy. And this this is not just something thing that happens in meditation. People experience it when they become totally involved in some kind of activity. They are joyful engaged and every part of their mind is into that same thing that's called a state of flow and modern psychological terms. And there's there books about it and there is one particular psychologist call said Haley who's done a lot of research on the flow of state.

And the descriptions of the flow are exactly you know, you take them out of contacts and take the description out of contacts. And you show it to somebody said, oh, I recognize that the person's describing Pt in in Some practice. No. They're describing what happens to them. When they're doing brain surgery or when they're playing off or when they're, you know, doing something else that happens to another state. That's what happens when the mine identifies. Concentration becomes effortless because now there aren't different parts of my trying to no different places.

But it's still many different processes. I mean, you haven't changed the reality. But you haven't created a self out of all these different parts. There's still different parts, but they're all functioning harmony now. They're all sync. They're all cooperating rather than than each one's struggling for, you know, well, I don't think, you know by way. This is more important than necessarily sitting there looking at Brett. Let's do this more important thing. What's happened is that they've all gotten on to the same project and say Okay.

I guess this is what we're doing. So this is what we're doing. And But that's i... When you have that kind of mind though, when you have a unified mind, If you think about how well you can understand when you focus your un mind things. And imagine how well you can see and understand things. When you focus a unify my... Alright thanks. The other thing about a unified mine is it doesn't need to focus. The wonderful thing about reaching this particular stage in San, which you achieved through practicing on a single object you called single pointed, attention.

But once you got there, you don't need to be single point in anymore. Now you can just expand the awareness because by letting go of an object, your money's not going to, you know, go sixteen different directions at once and be trying a multitask. You could just open up the awareness. And all the different bundle processes at once are saying, you know, like, all got their arms or each are the shoulders and they saying, yeah, less watch what happens. You know, and that's wonderful. That that's the that's the basis for the von mud practice.

When you have it open, space like attention. And then you can just let whatever arises verizon and the whole collective of consciousness observe it, and observe it with the power of the unified mine. And it sees up yep. There's that verizon on there is that right? Passing lane. Oh. Look look at what it's like in between one thing arising and passing away and everything thing has that all starts to become clear. And and in that particular meditation, you see a lot of the nature in my the empty emptiness of appearances is becomes really obvious, because now you see that each of these appearances is like, wave pricing on the surface of the ocean and disappearing back into.

And you've become really aware of the ocean, because before all you saw was waves, they're now you know, things great. So The unification light is very important part of this practice and it's how we get too early. Where we need to be not be. You.

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